Livestock health management

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    Nathan gomori

    vamudhumeni class

    Livestock health management

    *Number one* the idea behind animal health management is to have good health animals in order to drive market satisfaction.

    Unhealthy animals can have problem on production and they may not be able to perform their activities e.g milk production and egg production in daily cows and layers respectively.

    *Number two*
    integrated animal health management

    Animal health management comprises of putting many aspects together.

    Some aspects may come as preventative measures some as controlling measures and what is being avoided is t treatments because it is cost and should be taken as last resort.

    The goos part of animal health management is that all diseases can be controlled and prevented before its affects animals

    *Number three* benefits of animal health management.

    It increase 📈productivity in animals

    It increase wealth and savings

    It prevent spreading of disease from animals to human being as well as to other animals

    Animals health management is made uo of six aspects which if they are observed can prevent animals from diseases infection

    *Number four*
    apsect one bio security

    Bio security is a set of measure aimed at preventing the introduction and spreadal of harmful organisms. In order to minimise the risk of transmission of infection to animals

    Bio security measures are as follows

    Foot bath to disinfect human beings and vehicles before they are exposed to animals

    Used equipment should be disinfected before used to another animal. E.g tail docker, eye tagger, and needles

    Restricted entry of foreign and wild animals eg wild pigs should not be allowed to mix with domestic pigs as wild pigs are carriers of swine fever and also buffalo to mix with cattle as they are carriers of theileriosis

    Sick animals should be separated from health animals to avoid spreading of diseases

    *Number five* aspect two
    provision of clean feed and water

    That same water which human beings are able t drink thus the same water that should be given to animals. Make sure we provide clean water and feed that is free from pathogens and fees free from moulds.

    Provide nutritious feed to animals with minerals and vitamins as they build the animal’s immune system

    *Number six*
    aspect three vaccination.

    Vaccination is the process of introducing a vaccine into the body of an animal so as to evoke an immune response against a disease.

    Importance of vaccinating animals is to prime the immune system of the nature existence of potential threats such that the body will always be ready fight these if attacked

    Animal housing should be designed in such a way that will be friendly to animals

    It should be ventilated in order to drive away smell and allow new clean air in e.g poultry house should allow ammonia gas out as the gas is toxic to birds

    *Number seven* aspect five
    animal caregivers

    These are people who interact with animals on daily bases.

    They provide feed, water and attention if needed to animals and also all the necessary management

    They are in a position to spread disease from animal to animal and from them to animals.

    Their clothes, hands, foot wear, hair and mouth can help in spreading the pathogens to animals.

    When they are providing care to animals they should start visiting young animals and mature animals later.

    They should be in a position to know the conditions of animals whether sick or not and be able to see sick animals from well animals

    Number eight aspect six
    dipping and dosing

    Dipping will reduce and kill the external parasites that also transmit diseases to animals

    Dosing also kills and control internal parasite

    If dipping and dosing are properly observed it helps in animals health management

    By Vamudhumeni nathan

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