GardeningInstructional MaterialvaMudhumeni

FAMILIES OF CROPS

By Albert Makendenge

Knowing what family a plant belongs to can be useful in making decisions about rotating plants for managing pests and soil fertility in the garden. Plants in a family are genetically related so they have similar characteristics and are thus usually subject to more or less similar agronomic practices.

FAMILY NAMEALIASESCROPS
SolanaceaeSolanaceous crops; potato, tomato or nightshade familyPeppers, tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, tobacco
BrassicaceaeCruciferae; brassicas; cole crops; cruciferous cropsRadish, cabbage, kale, turnip, Brussels sprouts, mustard
CucurbitaceaeCucurbits; cucumber family; squash familyCucumber, melons, watermelon, summer, squash, pumpkin, gourds, winter squash
RosaceaeRose family; rosaceous plantsApples, peaches, apricots, nectarines, plums, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, pears, cherries, quince, almond
FabaceaeLeguminosae; leguminous crops; legumes; bean, pea or legume familyBeans, peas, lentils, peanut, soybean, edamame, garbanzo bean, fava bean, hairy vetch, vetches, alfalfa, clovers, cowpea, birdsfoot trefoil, black medic
PocaceaeGramineae; grass familyCorn, wheat, barley, oats, sorghum, rice, millet, rye, ryegrass, sorghum
LiliceaeLily family; alliums (for members of the Allium genus)Asparagus, onions, leeks, chives, garlic, shallots
AsteraceaeSunflower family; aster familySunflowers, lettuce, endive, escarole, dandelion, artichoke, chamomile
ApiaceaeUmbelliferae; carrot familyCarrots, parsnips, celery, dill, chervil, cilantro, parsley, caraway, fennel
ChenopodiaceaeGoosefoot familySpinach, beets, chard, sugar beets
EricaceaeHeather or blueberry familyBlueberries, cranberries
LamiaceaeLabiatae; mint familyLavender, basil, marjoram, oregano, rosemary, sage, thyme, mints, catnip

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